What is overweight and obesity?
Overweight and obese are terms used to describe the body weight of people who are carrying excess body fat. To determine whether someone is overweight or obese, their body mass index (BMI) is calculated using their height and weight.
Becoming overweight or obese happens gradually as a result of either;
- consuming more energy (kilojoules from food and drinks) than your body needs;
- consuming more energy (kilojoules from food and drinks) than your body uses by being active;
- a combination of both.
Overweight and obesity is harmful to health as it increases a person's risk of developing chronic diseases including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and some cancers. It also increases their risk of developing other health issues, including high blood pressure, gall bladder disease, fertility problems, lower back pain and sleep apnoea.
The more excess weight a person is carrying, the higher their risk of health issues.
Want to find out if you are in the healthy weight range? Learn more at www.livelighter.com.au/bmi.
What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition that results when the body can't adequately store glucose (sugar) in cells. Glucose is needed by cells for energy and to complete their daily functions.
Type 2 diabetes is caused when the hormone insulin needed to store glucose (sugar) in cells doesn't work as it should or isn't produced in large enough quantities. This causes excess glucose to build up in the bloodstream, which is harmful to health. Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage the body's organs.
Despite typically occurring in older adults, the rate of type 2 diabetes is continuing to increase among young adults and children.
What causes type 2 diabetes?
Although there is no direct causal link for type 2 diabetes, the following lifestyle conditions increase a person's risk:
- Overweight and obesity
- Poor diet
- Lack of physical activity
- High blood pressure
- Body shape (‘apple' shapes are at increased risk)
In addition to lifestyle factors, genetics and age are also contributing risk factors.
Please note that type 1 diabetes is a condition that means the pancreas cannot produce any insulin. It has a different cause and treatment than type 2 diabetes and should not be confused with type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is not caused by lifestyle factors such as overweight and obesity.
For further information regarding causes and management of diabetes, see Diabetes WA or Diabetes Australia websites.